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Showing content with the highest reputation since 01/26/2020 in all areas

  1. 10 points
    Hi all, I'm currently rebuilding the LT230T 43D of our Td5 Defender after an issue in the transmission which eventually turned out to be in the front axle. Fortunately I enjoy doing this - I've always wanted to do a gearbox and I can honestly say that it is the best way to learn how it works and how to treat it. I also took the opportunity to make some photographs. Initially because the thing looks very nice - it's almost a pity to have to hide it in the casing - but I also realised that I have never seen comparable images. I intended to post these images later because some things should still be improved, but since a member is currently experiencing issues with his CDL, I figured that I already should post what I have. Presumably a lot of forum members know how it works, but for the others I'll try to explain a bit. Feel free to correct or add. Please mind that I have invested quite some effort in making these - so respect my copyright. This is the complete centre differential with shifting forks and output shafts: Here the forks are removed: and now the output shafts too: The large cylindrical volume is the diff carrier which houses the differential gears. The two large gears are the high gear (smaller) and low gear (larger). They each freely rotate on the shaft and as long as the main gearbox is in gear they're driven continuously by the input shaft through the intermediate gears which are not shown. The set of small teeth with large distance between them - dog teeth - are each part of the large sprocket: In between the dog teeth one can see a more finely splined part with a large grooved ring around it - the high/low gear selector ring. The splined part is fixed to the differential housing, and by shifting the selector ring over the dog teeth of one of the gears, that gear will take the diff housing along in its rotation. In these pictures the ring is between the two large sprockets, so the LT230 is in neutral. If the R380/LT77 would be in gear with the engine running, only the two gears would rotate - the diff housing wouldn't. In the following pictures the assembly is positioned the other way round - left and right are switched (one of the reasons I want to remake some of the images). Half of the diff housing is removed, one can see the actual differential. On the left is now a smaller ring over the splined end of the diff carrier. That's the diff lock selector. Again, you see a set of dog teeth, this time they are part of the output shaft (you can see the shafts below). The shafts can rotate freely, so the small differential gears can do their work in compensating any differences in rotation of both axles. So diff lock is off. Here the diff lock selector has moved over the dog teeth. The shaft is now connected to the diff housing. None of the parts can move or rotate in relation to one another - everything is connected as if it is one piece, so diff lock is on: These are just the output shafts and diff gears. You can see the dog teeth on the left. The spiral at the right drives the speedo cable. And here they are relative to the whole assembly (although the gears should be meshing, the main reason why I want to remake the series). Hope you enjoy it and that it can help some people. Greetings, Joris
  2. 7 points
    It is alive 😀 I have just done a nice and varied 30 mile trip up hill and down dale (in beautiful weather - blue skies above the mists). I chose some reasonable hills and there have been plenty of gear changes so hopefully a good bit of variable engine speed. On initial cranking with the solenoid disconnected, the oil pressure didn't rise enough to switch the warning lamp off. After four decent cranks and the lamp still on, I re-connected and cranked one more time to fill the injector pipes. I had thought that I'd see diesel spirting from the tops of the injectors but the pipes were sitting quite close and there was none, although there was diesel in the tops. So I nipped up the unions and at the next crank it fired in the first revolution. There was a bit of white smoke as I pulled away and then it was gone. This afternoon I'll put some more miles on. It feels like a hooray moment.
  3. 7 points
    Yes i have considered it, and it is the right way to go but the cost of owning a Defender in Malta in prohibitive of my budget. The Series are easier to acquire here and easier to maintain in term road licence and insurance. I like hacking and making thing personal but i do not in any way want to make a defender from a series. But make a Series just more livable on modern roads . Hey Mike here the pics that broke from my original post Here is my Mini transformation she is my pride and joy but it was bitch to bring back : Now back to Land Rovers
  4. 5 points
    It's a professional stunt production for the upcoming James Bond film. I can tell you're a fan 😂
  5. 5 points
    This is my valentines card off my good lady So to modify a couple of Landrover statements . The best wife x far and One wife love it regards Stephen
  6. 5 points
    Success! We got it lined up perfectly first time, on bulkhead bolt straight in and then the other needed a ratchet strap to pull the foot in by 2mm. All the rear cross member bolts then lined up exactly. Really pleased 😁
  7. 4 points
    So we've been getting a new plate conveyor installed at work to assist with this the mezzanine floor was covered in about 8 sheets of 8x4 1.5 mm thick steel sheet spoke to project manager as to what they were doing with sheet when they finished just gonna scrap it , can I have it the answer was yes so the picture below is two of the sheets with the rest being flat and on a pallet ready to pick up just need to find room to store it happy days regards Stephen
  8. 4 points
    And the whole contraption with the input and intermediate gears: J
  9. 4 points
    Well I'm collecting (hopefully not too much of) a project Land Rover on Sunday. Aim is by the time I leave the farm I'm collecting it from it'll be ready for an MOT so I can put it to use. Once that's on the road then and my (at least) double Land Rover garage is built then I can focus on sorting out a few things on the 110 (notably doors and a few wiring issues courtesy of a dodgy trailer in Scotland).
  10. 4 points
    As the 109 is now 40 years old it's technically MOT and tax exempt... except that the guidance, such as it is, says: So, looking at the 109 most reasonable people would say it's been very substantially changed, but reading on... OK, so the replacement chassis is no problem. Well the suspension is of the same type/method and uses original spring mounts, so I guess suspension is OK? No mention of axles at all so I guess I'm free on that one... I could bolt LR axles back on with no changes. Steering is PAS, quite different than Series - that's a change then! Or is it... So, axles & running gear (which includes steering under their criteria) are OK as long as you're improving efficiency, safety, or green-ness... and the PAS definitely improves safety so I guess that passes. Soooo... going from 2.6 litre straight 6 to 4.6 litre V8 feels substantial, but back to the acceptable changes list... Original type parts are no longer available - well you try finding a good straight six reasonably available changes of a type which can be demonstrated to have been made when vehicles of the type were in production or within 10 years of the end of production - LR put the Rover V8 into leaf-sprung 109's (Stage 1 V8) and the 110 (which LR now count everything from 1948 onwards as a "Defender"), and alternative cubic capacities are acceptable, so I guess we can say we're good on that one, officer! Improve efficiency, safety, environmental performance - the 4.6 is more efficient and greener than the old six by a long shot so big win there, just me & Greta Thunberg fighting that good fight The detailed guidance PDF you can download is basically a copy-paste of their highly informative web page, and if you're got questions you end up down the rabbit hole at https://www.fbhvc.co.uk/mot-exemption-information which gives you a list of clubs to contact - ending with nothing newer than the Series 2 club So, as I'm currently self-quarantined with Basingstoke Coronavirus I thought I'd make a nuisance of myself and give the DVLA a call... DVLA said "We don't know, we only do car tax, call the DVSA" OK, I called the DVSA, where a very bored lady read their website out loud to me mispronouncing monocoque spectacularly every time it came up ... when she'd finished, I asked if anyone could provide any guidance at all on substantial changes - she said "no, read the website"... So I asked if anyone there knew who enforced these things or adjudicated on the interpretations, she said "maybe try the DVLA" when I told her they're not interested she said "maybe VOSA?" (VOSA were replaced by the DVSA in 2014 ) So not really sure what to make of all this - I asked the nice lady what happens if I decide my vehicle isn't substantially altered and the police stop me and decide that it is, and I found out it's actually possible to shrug down a telephone Anyone had any luck in any of this - wondering if the local traffic plod or DfT might know or if I should take this as a sign that the authorities really don't care and can't be bothered and I should just declare the 109 to be historic and stop bothering them?
  11. 4 points
    Can't comment on strength upgrades but as far as a locking diff goes I would always prefer one I have total control over - air locker for me. Auto lockers are a misnomer as they are actually auto un-lockers and if they don't unlock they can introduce some interesting handling characteristics. Side slopes spring to mind! Just my 2p. There will be plenty of other opinions along shortly I am sure!
  12. 4 points
    I recently bought a secondhand Hannibal roof rack. Where the gutter clamps pass back up through the side arms, to be pulled up on their threaded rods, there are M6 grub screws which act against the square section of those rods, just below the threaded part. The previous owner had never used the grub screws because they were tight, stainless into the aluminium. I released five of the six easily with just a little heat on the aluminium but one couldn't be operated as there was a rusty, snapped-off hex in there, flush with the surface of the grub screw. I realised that I couldn't do anything as it's a hard hex metal stuck in a less-hard stainless grub-screw, in a soft aluminium base. So I looked for a spark erosion place. Amazingly, I found one in a hamlet just a few miles away. I've driven past dozens of times over the years and had no idea that it was there. It turns out that in a small building, in pristine cleanliness, there's a one man business that has a whole host of high precision CNC tooling including wire erosion to very close tolerances and he is a very busy man. The guy said he'd have a go and I waited a few weeks for him to have time. The bulkiness of the part meant that the machine's coolant bath had to be opened and he could only use the nozzles to direct coolant onto the piece and this limited the power. However with a lot of effort to clamp an awkward piece, he set it up and sparked through and preserved the thread too. I thought I'd post the two pictures that I have.
  13. 4 points
    Just completed a total of 101 miles today. It takes some time to do this around here as I chose all the little roads to ensure lots of gear changes and varying engine speeds. We’ve driven the length and breadth of the White Peak. Everything seems good. There’s no smoke and the engine feels and sounds fine. I haven’t been too harsh going up the hills and hope these few miles have been a good start. I’m using Millers Running in oil supplied through Turner Engineering and they say change it in no more than 500 miles. I therefore need a couple more day trips! Thank you to everyone for your help, advice and support in what has been a new experience in my vehicle repair and maintenance education. Also for the messages on here and WhatsApp. It’s been great to be directed to do it all correctly. Oh and @monkie I feel your pain. I’ve spent weeks away at a time for work and not being able to do anything else is very frustrating.
  14. 4 points
    You mean me? Nah, feast your eyes on some fluffy kittens instead 😁
  15. 4 points
    Something along the lines of "I did it and didn't set fire to myself"
  16. 4 points
    Finally started getting the roof on. One side done, hopefully do the other side tomorrow.
  17. 3 points
    Ha haa No towing rescues but picked up a couple of folk for lifts, we've had about 100mm in 4hrs.
  18. 3 points
    Give up Mo. What you wrote is crystal clear in its meaning and FWIW I agree entirely.
  19. 3 points
    Well it's home, needs quite a few bits tidying up and sorting but solid and drives reasonably well now. Photo from last fill up before home, was dark when I set off and 1am when it was unloaded off the trailer as I've got to return the trailer first this tomorrow.
  20. 3 points
    Thank you, I'm quite surprised by the results myself TBH.... I spent some time looking into that today, it might be possible. The site where I keep my photos can enable visitors to order quality prints through a UK company. Never looked into it before, I should do some more research before setting this up. If people are interested I can look further into it. The images are fairly hi-res and prints up to 30" would still look OK, the water marks wouldn't end up on the hardcopies of course. The larger part of today was spent on further tweaking the photos and making some variants, I'm quite stoked with these 😃 and a slower gif 😉 Greetings, Joris
  21. 3 points
    I'd imagine as said it's an entirely automated process generated from a camera van. You can't/shouldn't pay the fine as you haven't commited the offence, so you need to wait for summons papers to appear which will have a section for you to state your case and return it. It will then be looked at by a person, usually a dvla employee, and should get cancelled. The photo is thier evidence, so if it shows your car parked on private ground they can't proceed.
  22. 3 points
    Probably an ANPR camera on a cop car or similar then, I'd demand to see the evidence.
  23. 3 points
    If nothing else, this is a masterpiece of interactive animations / simulations but it's also a very clear and well-written guide to the basics of gears: https://ciechanow.ski/gears/
  24. 3 points
    Here's the update on the layered image. This time I also included the bearings: Greetings, Joris
  25. 3 points
    I was trying to keep the thread on topic but since you insist... Mum has a pic somewhere of the four alive generations of our dogs all in the same shot. Be a few weeks before they reach maximum cuteness (eyes are still closed and they're basically stimulated feeding and peeing machines at the moment).
  26. 3 points
    Personally I like lockers as they're doing nothing different when you don't need them and they're 100% locked when you want them, no change in behaviour, no extra wear day-to-day. You can lock them before you hit the nasty stuff, you can disengage them any time. A £5 tyre compressor will run them as they don't need any volume of air, just a little pressure - you could even use your spare tyre as an air reservoir. Mine run on engine vacuum so no compressor needed
  27. 3 points
    Yes I feel like a moron! The knob was twisted. And what I thought read as off was actually diff. Opps. 😜 Thanks for being helpful!
  28. 3 points
    Yeah I thought they were Shoguns - imagine the explosion of rust and plastic if three Shoguns hit the deck after getting four foot of air 😃
  29. 3 points
    greetings all - a quick update on this thread.... 1. we are still hating our LC 4,2's 2. replaced 5 rebuilt TD5's in the last 2 seasons and all have failed, they were rebuilt by a "reputable" LR shop in SA. we had been trying to figure out a reliable conversion that was properly engineered and it seems Cummins SA have come up with a solution... so our first "old lady" - is being refitted with a 2,8 cummins that is derated to about 140hp and 360nm, more than the TD5 but not that much more to kills drivetrains, watch this space and I will update you on ow it goes. Cummins South Africa are going about it the right way and doing their homework intensively, they will load test the vehicle once it is complete with both an upgraded cooling pack (radiator and charge cooler) and the standard cooling pack and we are hoping to have the vehicle ready to drive back in Botswana by end April.... transmission is rebuilt Ashcroft R380 with HD bearing and LT230 with the heavy duty option and the ATB. hold thumbs for us that it works out, then we can throw heaps of money at new engines in old ladies....
  30. 3 points
    Personal experience of trying britpart, allmakes and bearmach. Yours is clearly different. I haven't had to send anything back to bearmach. Same cant be said for the others. I would deal with the seller rather than bearmach though so wouldnt experience their customer service anyway.
  31. 3 points
    Well I gave in and visited the post office, so the 109 is now officially an historic vehicle
  32. 3 points
    Finally was able to collect it yesterday, a 240km drive each way in very stormy and wet weather 😁 got it pushed indoors and left as is. So after work today I'll try and get it running. Then, when I have life I'll go through it and ser just how bad the rust is 🙈
  33. 3 points
    Suppose that would eliminate old cable that might be tired. Had an hour again after work. Got a little bit more done.
  34. 3 points
    It's very easy to add a 7 pin socket alongside the nato. The loom from the dash/fusebox pops up in the rear corner as described, and the wires connect to lucas 2/4/6 way connectors. The O/S lights, the short loom to the nearside rear lights/fuel tank and trailer sockets connect to these. You may find that with trailer wiring already some of the lucas connectors are full and you may need a couple of larger ones (think halfords sell em) Just feed the trailer socket wire up into the corner, connect wires as follows: Yellow to green/red Blue to red/yellow White to black (earth) Green to green/white Brown to red/orange Red to green/purple Black to red/black
  35. 3 points
    I'm using VWP's modular fuse/relay box thing. Mini blades and relays lets you get quite a lot in a small space - 26 fuses (which can be bussed), 10 relays, plus flasher unit / full size relay in their 4-slot housing.
  36. 3 points
  37. 2 points
  38. 2 points
    Fantastic find. I've been cutting some gears myself lately: Next up are helicals. I needed to cut a lot of spur gears to drive the dividing head from the table feed first, though. Gear tech is a fascinating subject.
  39. 2 points
    seen on FB, from Dave van Graan, a chap who is doing a walking tour around Namibia: "Here are a few photos of the new Land Rover Defender. Land Rover is currently conducting a 2 month test on these vehicles. They drive much the same route that I walked plus a few other tough routes from Opuwu, van Zyls Pass, to the Skeleton coast National Park, Puros, Sesfontein and back to Opuwu. They do not spare these cars and they are really well tested. They really have a new look and nothing like the old Defender." if you google some of the places he mentions, especially Van Zyl's Pass, you will understand how tough these vehicles are having it.
  40. 2 points
    Looking at that particular photo if the suspension is in standard height I'd have said that at worst it has the same if not better ground clearance than a standard "Defender Classic", remember there's not a huge amount of clearance under the diff. If you hit something hard off-road in the classic Defender you're likely going to hit the diff and in standard setup smash in the diff housing. In the new Defender you'll hear a crunch as you break some plastic and then likely a whump as you hit a sub-frame. I know which is more likely to drive away in that scenario. When I compared my L322 and Defender side-by-side the L322 in normal ride height had more ground clearance than the Defender. I can't see JLR making the new Defender have less clearance than a Range Rover. Lifted up to it's off-road setting on the air suspension it was a far cry from "stiff as an empty cattle truck and very unpleasant at any sort of speed". It certainly wasn't diff, as you approached the limit where it would drop the suspension (30mph if I remember correctly) then it was unpleasant, not because it was stiff but because it was so god damn high off the ground and body roll was substantial. Hands down if you're comparing show-room spec to show-room spec the newer Land Rover offerings (talking proper line-up such as RR Vogue, RR Sport, Disco and lets face it almost certainly the new Defender) will absolutely trounce a "Defender Classic" off-road. The only place I can see the daddy of them beating them is on width and (at least to begin with) cost of repair. On the subject of air-suspension, again my personal experience, I don't any major downside to it. The original front set of airbags on my L322 got replaced at 140k which is approximately 60k more than the set of springs on my 110 lasted. The original rears from 2007 are still on there with the new owner and I think it's approaching the 200k mark, I can find out on the weekend. Yes they were a bit of a pain when they went because I was on the bump stops but cost-wise I'd put them on-par with top-of-the-line springs and dampers for a Defender and almost certainly more comfortable. They offer far more flexibility over a coil setup and as @FridgeFreezer pointed out earlier in the thread if you're worried about puncturing one on a long expedition they don't actually occupy much space (certainly the rears flat-pack but the fronts not quite as compact but certainly comparable space to a spare spring). But what do I know I haven't owned a modern Land Rover and taken it off-road the same places as I've taken a Defender, a decent chunk of forum members can corroborate that
  41. 2 points
    Possibly the biggest insult for poor old Land Rover is when this image appeared on my screen I thought it was 3 Isuzu Troopers jumping Although in the 2 tone bodywork they actually look a bit like Suzuki Vitaras. Both great vehicles before this gets heated... By the way that's a screen shot of the video, don't sit there clicking it...
  42. 2 points
    I did a LR Experience day in a D5 and was impressed with how it managed the locking rear diff - it would lock at a standstill (or at least the display showed it as locked) to help pull away, and disengage as you turned to help it get round corners. It would disengage going downhill to ensure it didn't push it off course apparently, which seemed a little un-intuitive to me. Certainly worked well though on slippery but solid based ground. It was constantly locking and unlocking as you drove - not like an ARB where you just stick it in for a difficult section and then take it out again. Have to say I was amazed by it's ability (still looks awful though) and I think the new Defender will be a very capable vehicle, it's just a shame it's not anything like the old one. Rich
  43. 2 points
  44. 2 points
  45. 2 points
  46. 2 points
    2nd class was last night - we had a brief recap on last week and then basically told to get in the welding bays and practice - and ask the tutor if you're not getting it. So, I was told to go and do long runs on the test pieces; Then on to the square - this was not to be welded in one, but more to just get you doing more beads, stops and starts, and varying lengths; Then the big one - joining two plates together. I was given a lap joint (did both sides as 1st was less than perfect), a bigger lap joint (did both sides again) and finally a T joint; Doing all this practice on the aforementioned raw cut plate doesn't half create a lot of spatter, insert highly inappropriate joke here: My better half spent the evening as many others did - getting used to the whole shebang and getting more and more consistent and controlled, you can really see the improvement compared to last week's 1st-ever-bead; What was noticeable was the difference between bays - the bays I was mostly in had a nicer bench but they're in shadow due to the layout of the room. Having a go in one of the newly commissioned bays was night & day - they are directly underneath bright lights and it makes starting off so much easier. However, the bay I chose had a very wavy bench top so the piece wanted to move round and break earth contact until I re-jigged the position. Chatting to the tutor he said he's requested more lights but so far no news, we'll see if they manage it before the end of the course I guess!
  47. 2 points
    I was in China recently visiting tool making companies with a colleague. This mould produces plastic pallets. The gantry that lifts it was marked 40 tonne.
  48. 2 points
    Hi snagger I have to main reasons for it. I will be using a different AC unit than the land rover ones as they impossible to buy locally and better models have been developed since Another reason it that I have available to me and 180 amp alternator and I did some calculation the pas pump draws about 40 amps at full load so i will have plenty of power for the ancillaries while also theoretically losing less horse power in the process The last advantage is the electric pump has a Yaw and Load sensor allowing me to adjust the amount of assist i want from it something i cannot do in a normal pulley pump. So i can change the feel depending on the road or requirement . I can go full series impossible to steer to fiat 500 They might not be reason enough but I decide to give it a try if all fails i can still convert it back to a normal pump
  49. 2 points
    If you make hybrids or electrics you can offset the bigger cars from your range. You also get a bigger co2 allowance for a bigger car. There is more profit in a mini SUV than a hatchback and they get a bigger co2 allowanve so that's what they push down the line. It's the same old with politics in the uk, the people making the rules understand neither the problem or the real world. How one can go from being in charge of health, then the army then education is beyond me. They are only interested in the next few years. Anything that takes longer reflects on their successor not them so there is no motivation for them to lay the foundations for something sustainable.
  50. 2 points
    I do feel like I’m getting there now. Got the other side of roof sheets and the ridge done today, so other than the verge trims the roof is now covered. Very glad as it’ll give the ply a chance to dry out a bit now it’s not getting damp from rain every other day. Can’t get a photo of the other side, so you’ll have to trust me


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